Pathogenesis of periodontal disease and how the underlying mechanisms of periodontal disease might affesct cardiovascular health. Recognize the difference between a statistical marker and an actual cardiovascular risk factor. Recognize major modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Current statistical, clinical and longitudinal studies implicating periodontal disease in the development of cardiovascular pathology. The dental professional's emerging role in education and prevention counseling of periodontal patients in regard to the development of cardiovascular diseases.